New Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Problems After Joint Surgery Identified

In addition to confirming previously identified risk factors for cardiovascular complications after total joint replacement (TJR) surgery, researchers have shown that bilateral and revision operations are associated with increased risk. "Revision joint replacement and bilateral surgery are much more prolonged operations than primary unilateral joint replacement," Dr. Jeffrey N. Katz, from Brigham and Women's Hospital […]

Potential Neuroregulatory Basis for SIDS

SIDS cases had significantly more serotonergic system abnormalities than did controls. SummaryAlthough sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of mortality during the first year of life, no unifying neurophysiologic basis has been identified. The serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) system of the medulla oblongata helps regulate autonomic and respiratory function and has been implicated […]

Early Laparoscopic Surgery Best for Acute Cholecystitis

In patients with acute cholecystitis, performing laparoscopic gallbladder removal within 24 hours of admission, rather than waiting weeks to years after a course of antibiotics has been given, reduces the hospital stay without increasing the risk of complications, new research shows.

Outcomes Similar With Resective or Drainage Procedures in Pancreatitis

Long-term follow-up of chronic pancreatitis patients who underwent the pylorus-preserving variant of the Whipple resection procedure shows that results are ultimately comparable to those achieved using the more recent Frey organ-sparing extended drainage approach, according to German researchers.

Blood Substitute Safely Reduces Need for Transfusion Following Elective Surgery

A hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier (HBOC-201, Biopure Corporation) appears to be a safe substitute for blood transfusion, according to results of a multinational, phase III clinical trial among patients undergoing elective orthopedic surgery. However, the blood substitute may not be appropriate for high-risk patients and patients over the age of 80, the findings suggest.